Air pollution causes about seven million deaths each year. The simple act of breathing leads 9 out of 10 people to be at risk of disease, having a stroke, respiratory infections or lung cancer.
Microscopic contaminants are everywhere and there is no need to be in the street to continue damaging us.
According to an investigation by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, indoor pollution is often between two and five times larger than outside.
“The indoor air contains all the kind of pollution we have outside. In addition to what is added inside a building, such as cooking and cleaning products and building materials gases,” explains Matthew S. Johnson, chief Airlabs scientist, a firm that installs air filter technology around the world.
Fortunately, there is something you can do to improve the air quality inside your home.
How To Improve Indoor Air Quality At Home
Once we have seen the compounds that prevail in the home and that may imply a decrease in air quality, some of the recommendations of simple measures that can be carried out to keep them at bay are detailed in the following sections.
Poor ventilation allows contaminants to remain in the air.
Suresh of the Institute of Energy and Resources (TERI) in India says that this is why fresh air must be allowed to enter the house.
“Open your windows and doors at least two or three times a day, unless you have allergies or extreme temperatures,” he says.
In that case, you can keep the interior ventilated with a filtered air conditioning system. When cooking or bathing it is good to turn on an exhaust fan, if you have one, to help remove contaminants and reduce moisture.
Most of the air conditioning systems and residential forced-air heating systems do not mechanically enter the outside air into the house, and natural infiltration and ventilation are used to bring the outside air into the house.
Fill your house with indoor plants
Can’t you afford those expensive air filters? Fill your space with indoor plants.
Some plants can help remove toxins from the air and are considered ” a promising and economical solution for indoor pollution,” says R. Suresh.
Skeptics claim that there are not enough studies to support that theory, but even if it were not true, plants can brighten your spirit.
Among the most popular indoor plants are areca palm, pouts, aspidistra, bamboo, ferns and palm trees.
No matter what plant you choose, but what you should keep in mind, according to Suresh, is: “For indoor plants to act as natural air purifiers, it is necessary to keep them healthy.” Some scientists do not support this idea because its functionality is not proven.
“Otherwise they could end up releasing biological contaminants in the air.”
Eliminates odors “the greenway”
Every time you use artificial fragrances, harmful VOCs (volatile organic compounds) are released, which can also arise from synthetic paints and carpets.
And VOCs can have reactions in the air, forming a potentially dangerous cocktail.
For example, non-ecological cleaners can release formaldehyde – a compound linked to cancer – when they come in contact with air.
What can you do?
Use fragrance-free laundry products and avoid aerosols, including deodorants, carpet cleaners, and flavorings.
In the kitchen, Suresh recommends bicarbonate split lemons that release a clean fragrance.
Prohibit smoking inside
If you are one of those who smoke, do not do it indoors. Since smoking is a habit harmful to health, doing it indoors only accumulates smoke. Which creates a more serious impact than normal.
Smoking in itself is a health hazard, and doing it inside must be totally avoided. Smoke build-up can have a serious impact on indoor air quality, especially in poorly ventilated areas.
Exposure to secondhand smoke can cause a risk of serious illness. Babies exposed to tobacco smoke at home have an increased risk of sudden death syndrome.
Remove the Allergens
Pollen particles and mites can exacerbate the risk of disease, especially if the gun, hay fever or allergies are suffered. Excess moisture stimulates the formation of mold in the air, which can cause lung infections in people with weakened immune systems.
Vacuum Carpets and Upholstery Frequently, especially if you have pets
A good vacuum that allows collecting most of the dust or the hiring of professional cleaning service is two ways to increase the degree of comfort in the home, especially if there are pets inside.
Improving the air quality at home, in short, is a simple task when you are aware of the environmental variables that are supported.
Experts recommend following these simple measures:
- Wash your bedding frequently
- Use a dehumidifier
- Clean your carpet, preferably with low emission vacuum cleaners
- Dry your clothes near an open window
- Place a mat on the door to prevent contaminants from entering inside